5G—the fifth generation of wireless technology—is on its way, bringing with it faster downloads, better network reliability, and the ability to take the already-revolutionary internet of things (IoT) up yet another notch. Exactly how will it amplify IoT? We asked leaders in the field to share their predictions.
I graduated from Texas A&M in 1997 with a degree in Business Management. I have owned and operated ICS since that time. I have 21 years of experience in Telecommunications and IT Services in the Texas market. My main expertise resides in VoIP, Microsoft 365 and Cloud Services.
If 5G is rolled out as advertised, it will have a profound effect on the IoT. Not only does the service provide high speed Internet that can rival existing, wired Internet technology, but it has the ability to provide low-volume metered service. This metered technology is supposed to make the technology very affordable for low cost mobile devices.
The potential for this is endless. A lot of technology that requires WiFi or Bluetooth today will be able to provide Internet access to those devices at a small annual or monthly fee. I cannot speak for these companies and this is not suggesting that these items are in development, but here are some products I foresee leveraging 5G technology:
Tile Mate: They make a small device you can attach to your key chain. It leverages Bluetooth and WiFi technology to locate the device. This means it can only find the device if it is near this technology. Imagine adding a low-cost cellular chip so that the device can be found anywhere and at any time.
Fitbit: Low-cost Fitbits are the same way. They leverage WiFi and Bluetooth technology to upload your information to the cloud. They could be upgraded to stand-a-lone devices to better rival the Apple Watch.
In addition, the simple fact that 5G will be so much faster helps to improve the IoT concepts. The more items that are connected, the more bandwidth that is utilized. With 5G, the bandwidth is there. This will allow people to develop applications that require more bandwidth for better services.
The main impact of 5G across technology is to create faster speeds and stronger connections, which is ideal for IoT devices that often have lag and connection issues. It will also extend networks to remote or underground locations, currently without Internet connections.
Connected devices under 5G networks are particularly useful for businesses. Factories, for example, use sensors to ensure quality, count units and take product measurements. 5G will allow for wireless sensors that allow the business owner to easily and remotely monitor production.
These smart sensors will also be useful in warehouses, as higher-quality robots can do much of the sorting, packaging and deployment. The improvement of connected devices’ performance under 5G will cause further expansion in the IoT industry. Currently, over half of connected device owners said they aren’t planning on buying another connected devices in the next year. In the same vein, 64% said they could perform their day-to-day activities without connected devices, according to a survey from market research company Clutch.
In using connected devices, people often have lags and trouble connecting with the devices’ respective apps, making them less likely to buy more IoT products. 5G will improve the speed and connectivity of connected devices, resulting in a huge increase in ownership and daily use.
Chris is the driving force behind Jibestream. He started the company with a vision to change the way people engage with indoor spaces by fusing business data with maps. Chris has led Jibestream’s incredible growth from an idea to a globally recognized leader in indoor mapping.
It’s been impossible to avoid the buzz around 5G networks over the last year as governments, telecommunications providers and vendors are vying over who will lead the next generation of mobile internet connectivity. 5G promises to offer significantly faster speeds and more reliable connection to mobile devices than any network before it. That said, 5G is about more than ‘fast internet’ – the exponential growth in the capacity to carry more data faster will push unparalleled growth in Internet of Things (IoT) technology projects.
When 5G is fully implemented, the speed enabled by the network of smaller, more densely-deployed antennae will be immensely disruptive and will be a more widely felt digital transformation than any preceding network shift we’ve experienced thus far. As an example of the magnitude of the impact, early tests have suggested that 5G networks will be as much as 100 times faster than today’s mobile networks, with bandwidth measured in gigabits per second rather than megabytes, with less strain on batteries and computers.
In time, there won’t be any industry left untouched by the increased speed and capacity of IoT and 5G. However, there are several areas that will be able to adapt earlier than others and feel the benefits faster. Smart buildings, cities, agriculture, and infrastructure, with their increasing initial adoption of IoT projects at the Proof of Concept project level today will find that the increased capacity and speed will empower them to expand their use cases beyond initial way finding implementations. We will see greater deployments of automated drone operations, enhancements to automated building energy efficiency optimization, increasingly contextual and personalized proximity messaging, strategic uses of geofencing in large facilities, and more.
As a testament to the anticipated industry growth, consulting analysts at Accenture Strategy (https://newsroom.accenture.com/content/1101/files/Accenture_5G-Municipalities-Become-Smart-Cities.pdf) estimated that smart city applications made possible by 5G networks could create 3 million new jobs and contribute $500 billion to American GDP over the next seven years. 5G will enable IoT implementations in our daily lives to go beyond the gimmicky and use location-aware technology to meaningfully alter our experience of place forever.
Depending on the way hardware and connectivity issues are addressed by regulators and vendors, it’s uncertain how far we are from full 5G deployment, but it will likely still be several years before we feel its full effect. Enterprise organizations that want to be ready for the 5G jump can start preparing today by laying the foundation for IoT use cases. Regardless of application, location-awareness and geospatial context will be integral to project success. Without digitized indoor maps of large complex facilities, organizations won’t have the necessary location information layer to give sensor data meaning. For example, indoor maps are key to enabling hospitals to track high value assets like insulin pumps and their statuses throughout their buildings, and without indoor maps warehouses won’t be able to successfully designate parameters for machine learning in drone navigation.
When we are eventually living in a 5G IoT-enabled world, the organizations that had an open architecture and laid the foundation with indoor maps and digital twins of their facilities in 2019 will be the ones who are still in business and actively changing the way we experience this new reality and interact with our world.
For consumer tech, smart devices, virtual and augmented reality, in-vehicle infotainment, the increased over-the-air bandwidth that most people associate with 5G is likely to have a dramatic impact.
But for a lot of corporate and industrial IoT, where we are talking about networks of thousands, sometimes millions of in-field devices, factors such as unit costs, reliability, power consumption often play a greater roll than bandwidth. Equally, security is a massive factor in IoT deployments, and more sophisticated, high-bandwidth, endpoint devices are much harder to secure and manage in a large-scale distributed environment.
In reality, 5G is not one technology or even a single set of standards. This wave of innovation is also set to offer lower latencies, more flexible QoS, greater network coverage and higher network reliability. In the short to medium term, these less-hyped advances are likely to contribute as much towards industrial IoT innovation as increases in current 4G bandwidth.
What is for sure is that IoT in all its forms will generate a massive upsurge in overall traffic volumes and place different, more varied QoS demands on the mobile network. As such, bandwidth and intelligence in the mobile operators’ core networks will play a vital role.
Founder and Chief Executive Officer of STORDIS. He is responsible for strategy, direction, international growth and leading the company’s drive into becoming a key contributor towards the open networking community.
Ana Bera is 5’3” ray of sunshine and a chocolate addict. As the Head of Marketing and Content at SafeAtLast.co, she uses every opportunity she gets to learn from others and generate fun and informative content. Ana is a Toronto born world traveler, hungry for knowledge and ready to make a difference in the marketing world.
IoT’s biggest drawback is prioritizing between speed, reach, and responsiveness. 5G can help us use a number of connectivity methods quickly, and through short and long distances, while involving huge amounts of data. If the IoT market does double to $520 billion by 2021, a 5G solution will be a must.
5G will directly enable IoT—particularly in urban areas. This is due to IoT’s use of short-range spectrum (millimeter wave), which requires a lot of equipment in dense areas. This will only be economical in compact urban areas. Government will need to get involved in at least two ways: first, to help clear the regulatory path to installing these connecting devices; second, to help bridge the digital and bandwidth divide between dense urban areas, poorer urban areas, and more rural areas.
Alan Pentz is CEO of Corner Alliance, which works with government R&D leaders to tap innovation in the private sector. Technology focuses include 5G, artificial intelligence, the internet of things and broadband technology.
Henrique Senra is an MBA and entrepreneur. He has successfully developed two companies from the ground up in very different verticals. In 2018, he joined SlicingDice as a VP of Product Development, to assist in positioning and growing the company.
IoT is a very ample field, with very varied applications. This means the exact impact of 5G depends a lot on what you’re considering to be IoT. For mobile-phone-oriented markets (such as social media, mobile gaming and B2C apps overall), the impact will be huge – 5G will allow carriers to connect more devices with faster connections, meaning the amount of data will grow exponentially.
For some other verticals, the impact can be either transformational or negligible, depending on how 5G actually rolls out. Agro-IoT, for example, can see transformational change if 5G networks cover those areas, but that is still a big if. Some other applications, such as Industry 4.0, are not bound to be affected much since they do not rely on 4G and probably will not rely on 5G.
Most B2B IoT implementation will happen before mass 5G adoption, which will still take a few years. Perhaps the market that will be most affected will be the one predicted to be the most important – mobility. As autonomous vehicles are still a thing of the future, 5G might come in just in time to cater to these innovations.
IoT is one of today’s flashiest new technologies. People are quick to purchase IoT devices without considering some of the security issues that haven’t been ironed out yet. I believe 5G will force manufacturers to increase their security against IoT hacker attacks (which increased by 600% between 2016 and 2017) to ensure they don’t lose customers as hacking and dangerous apps become faster at infiltrating networks. The result will be a higher industry standard for network security.
An aspiring blogger who is interested in how technology is shaping our lives for good and also concerned about our overdependence on it.
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5G is surely going to revolutionize the world of connectivity all around. With 5G, there will be a fundamental shift in communication architecture. 5G will provide 10X faster internet connections and 100X the number of devices connected per unit area as compared to 4G LTE. There is no doubt in accepting the fact that “data” is the new staple of the modern world. Data is what drives the world today through internet and communication, and this hunger for more and more data and faster connections is increasing by folds each day.
What is IoT?
Internet of Things(IoT) is the inter networking of physical devices, vehicles, smart-devices and almost everything that is embedded with electronics, software, sensors and network communication that enable devices to receive or transmit data.
IoT devices are becoming a part of mainstream electronics and more people are adapting smart devices into their homes and daily lives. Homes are becoming smart homes, cities are becoming smart cities.
The best thing about IoT devices is that the more data they collect, the more smart they become. In the present age, we are rapidly pacing towards smarter solutions in our day-to-day lives. For example, we have smart alarm clocks that send notifications to our coffee machines to brew coffee, to our smart home system to unfold the curtains, to our smart TV to turn off the channel. We even have dedicated apps that run our whole home through notifications and commands. The best way to describe this mesh, if I may say, is that we are getting accustomed to an ecosystem of connected devices around us.
Since we have accepted that “data” is going to be the new “CURRENCY” of the ever evolving modern world, and 5G is going to be the base on which this whole idea of connectivity will revolve, it is not wrong to assume that 5G will be the basic pillar of strength on which the IoT framework will work.
NOTE: The speed at which connectivity is invading our lives and making us dependent on it will cause us to need something faster than 5G to maintain the fragile balance in our fast-paced, connected lives. Remember, the ecosystem will evolve continuously and so will the FOOD CHAIN of communication.
How will 5G technology, with its high speed and low latency, help create and/or expand decentralized workforces?
It will increase communications capacity between devices and therefore allow for better wireless connectivity through virtual teams. It’ll be easier to communicate between people and virtual workplaces. It’s not going to require high-speed lines as we did before. The explosion of IoT and distributed network capabilities will follow.
Which types of enterprises will most benefit from the creation or expansion of 5G-enabled decentralized workforces?
Those that maximize the use of IoT and remote devices. They will have an explosion of business. The business needs to collect data and surveillance in remote places. The public sector, healthcare technology and patient care, crime and surveillance, and e-commerce/digital are all industries that will be impacted greatly by 5G.
What additional costs are enterprises likely to face from this approach?
[This will be expensive] in that it’s going to require a re-evaluation of legacy systems, distribution of data and software, more hardware devices—a whole new architecture of the existing system.
The people manning the systems will also need to have new and expanded skills than they do now. However, once the right educational infrastructure is set up, it will have the ability to close the opportunity divide and be much more sustainable as our world and educational needs shift. This transformation has already begun but is not yet successful.
Will decentralization raise any new security issues?
Absolutely, and that’s inevitable. More devices and more distribution of networks, therefore more places for cyber-attacks and threats, therefore more devices to monitor. New architecture, i.e., blockchain and it’s integration with the cloud and IoT, will be imperative.
Dr. Art Langer
Professor of Professional Practice, Director of the Center for Technology Management, and Academic Director of the M.S. in Technology Management programs at Columbia University. He serves on the faculty of the Department of Organization and Leadership at the Graduate School of Education (Teachers College).
Daniel is a coffee-loving technology enthusiast who works for Oppo Australia – a company striving to be the first to release a 5G smartphone in Australia.
Faster speed and lower latency – those are a given with 5G technology. But the really exciting and life-changing possibilities that 5G networks promise are the seamless connectivity between people, buildings, cars, and machinery. VR and AR will no longer be a novelty but become mainstream, and data collection will drastically evolve in both sheer volume and processing via AI – bringing real-time analysis into actuality. Industries such as healthcare, manufacturing and integrated supply chains will benefit the most from increased agility, reduced costs, and better automated coordination of complex tasks.
As we become more and more reliant on technology, our expectations of it are that it will always work, always be available, and work fast. 5G is the next step in the wireless spectrum and will allow for super fast data transfer over wireless connections. IoT devices, ranging from home use to sensors in our cars, are ever increasing in our day-to-day lives, and they need some way to communicate with the internet. Super fast 5G and IoT means that devices will be able to communicate wirelessly in real time with each other allowing for improved communication, performance and even safety. I strongly believe 5G will be beneficial for us.
President of 403Tech, Inc, an IT support company located in Calgary, Alberta. Clutch has named 403Tech as one of the top five leading IT & Business Service Firms in Canada for 2019, while Techno Planet has placed them as one of the top 50 Managed Service Providers in Canada.
Founder of HyperSphere, the digital trust ecosystem.
5G will enable big opportunities for interoperability between various devices. Plus, the speed of interaction between IoT devices will dramatically increase. The combination of global connectivity and responsiveness will facilitate the adoption of the biggest trends in technology, offering a big boost to sensors, cameras, drones, augmented reality and many other tech opportunities that can impact our lifestyle.
5G network and infrastructure will create new IoT products, able to operate with big data at high speed. At the same time, there will appear big challenges. For instance, privacy and security will be a serious issue, because some connected devices, like autonomous cars, will contain sensitive life-critical data. Others, like household appliances, will have the information of credit cards and payment accounts of its owner. So, with the many conveniences that connected devices provide come big cyber security threats, and there will be a big demand to ensure all IoT devices have adequate security levels.
The need for the 5G infrastructure is greater than the need for IoT. Whether 4G, 5G or 8G, or whatever it’s going to be – that’s just the method of wireless access they’re using because in the end, it’s all IP connectivity. Once you’re in the IP space, you’re vulnerable and susceptible to all the typical network exploits and attacks.
Once 5G networks are deployed, you will see a massive increase in innovation and technology in the IoT space. The lack of 5G infrastructure and current fiber back-haul infrastructure is holding IoT back. With the increase of innovation and technology we will see an increase in threat actors creating new exploits.
Here’s why 5G Networks will impact IoT?
- Network Latency is key: Current 4G is about 55ms and 5G can support 1ms, which allows near instantaneous communications at 1/1000 of a second for high-demand, critical applications and use cases.
- 5G uses high-frequency millimeter bands (30-300Ghz) compared to 4G and previous cellular technologies. Smaller waves, smaller antennas, smaller chips and less power consumption – the necessary IoT cocktail.
- 75-100x capacity compared to 4G: Provides increased capacity that is needed for IoT.
- One proposed 5G solution is a small cell tower, meaning there will be many small 5G “micro towers” to solve coverage issues in dense geographical areas.
The “Achilles heel” with the deployment and success of 5G: Links beyond and past the “cell tower” still need enhancement (fiber network and backhaul).
Joseph Cortese has worked in Cyber Wireless & Telecommunications Engineering for over a decade, creating many cyber capabilities and prototypes with 2G/3G/4G Core Network and Handset technologies. He has worked with many clients to innovate and create new and novel capabilities within the IoT space and currently works at A-LIGN, a cybersecurity and compliance firm, as a Penetration Testing Practice Lead.
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